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Montessori Bibliography Online

September 16, 2021
A new batch update has been applied to the database.
Please note that standardized geographic names and subject terms have now been applied to many entries. This means that previous keyword terms, such as “montessori-in-india”, are in the process of being deprecated. Please search by country name (i.e., India, United States of America, Uganda, etc.) or subject term (i.e., Maria Montessori, Montessori method of education, White Cross, etc.) instead.

This database utilizes a few different standardized taxonomies with some minor modifications. For geographic locations the United Nations Geoscheme is employed; for subject terms, modified versions of the Library of Congress Subject Headings and Library of Congress Name Authorities are employed.

The search functionality is a very basic keyword search.
Keywords are any word – geographic location (i.e., country, region, continent) , subject, topic, person, culture, etc. – that is located within the entries (i.e., title, author, abstract, tags/keywords).
For more details related to geography and subject terminology please see the respective tabs.

The following is in the process of being deprecated…

In addition to keyword search, the following tags have been applied to some entries, though this effort is a work in progress. The following list includes some of the current tags. Enter the bold-face tag into the search field to perform the search.

montessori-alzheimers – Sources related to Montessori method and Alzheimers
montessori-and-bell – Montessori in relation to Alexander Graham and Mabel Bell and family
montessori-and-gandhi – Montessori in relation to Mahatma Gandhi
montessori-and-theosophy – Montessori in relation to the theosophical movement
montessori-architecture – Mainly articles from Architecture magazines discussing individual projects
montessori-bibliography – Sources that are solely bibliographies related to Montessori
montessori-bilingualism – Sources that discuss bilingual Montessori education
montessori-gerontology – Sources related to the use of Montessori methods in gerontology
montessori-in-africa – Sources related to Montessori on the African continent
montessori-in-african-american-community – Sources related to Montessori in the African-American community
montessori-in-asia – Sources related to Montessori in mainland Asia
montessori-in-deaf-community – Sources related to Montessori in the deaf community
montessori-in-disability-community – Sources related to Montessori inclusion and Montessori within disability communities
montessori-in-europe – Sources related to Montessori in Europe
montessori-in-india – Sources related to Montessori in the Indian Subcontinent
montessori-in-indigenous-communities – Sources related to Montessori in indigenous communities across the globe
montessori-in-latin-america – Sources related to Montessori in the Caribbean, Central America, and South America
montessori-in-middle-east – Sources related to Montessori in the Middle East
montessori-in-new-zealand-australia – Sources related to Montessori in New Zealand and Australia
montessori-in-north-america – Sources related to Montessori in North America – United States and Canada
montessori-in-russia – Sources related to Montessori in Russia
montessori-in-southeast-asia – Sources related to Montessori in Southeast Asia
montessori-influences – Sources that discuss Montessori in relation to other philosophers, philosophies, or theoreticians
montessori-lecture – Sources that are transcripts of Montessori lectures
montessori-multilingualism – Sources that discuss multilingualism in Montessori
montessori-neuroscience – Sources related to Montessori from a neuroscience perspective
montessori-new-education-fellowship – Sources related to the connection between Montessori and the New Education Fellowship
montessori-spirituality – Sources related to spirituality as it relates to Montessori education

For geographic location names, this database utilizes the United Nations Geoscheme. This taxonomy organizes geographic locations by country, subregion, regional group, and region (continent). Additionally, I have added other regional designations that are commonly used (i.e., Middle East, Scandinavia, Maghreb, Great Britain). The structure is as such (blue terms are modifications of the scheme):

  • Continent
    • Subregion
      • Country / Alt. Name [Regional Group or Other Designation]
  • Africa
    • Central Africa
      • Angola [Sub-Saharan Africa]
      • Cameroon [Sub-Saharan Africa]
      • Central African Republic [Sub-Saharan Africa]
      • Chad [Sub-Saharan Africa]
      • Congo [Sub-Saharan Africa]
      • Democratic Republic of the Congo [Sub-Saharan Africa]
      • Equatorial Guinea [Sub-Saharan Africa]
      • Gabon [Sub-Saharan Africa]
      • Sao Tome and Principe [Sub-Saharan Africa]
    • East Africa
      • British Indian Ocean Territory [Sub-Saharan Africa]
      • Burundi [Sub-Saharan Africa]
      • Comoros [Sub-Saharan Africa]
      • Djibouti [Sub-Saharan Africa]
      • Eritrea [Sub-Saharan Africa]
      • Ethiopia [Sub-Saharan Africa]
      • French Southern Territories [Sub-Saharan Africa]
      • Kenya [Sub-Saharan Africa]
      • Madagascar [Sub-Saharan Africa]
      • Malawi [Sub-Saharan Africa]
      • Mauritius [Sub-Saharan Africa]
      • Mayotte [Sub-Saharan Africa]
      • Mozambique [Sub-Saharan Africa]
      • Réunion [Sub-Saharan Africa]
      • Rwanda [Sub-Saharan Africa]
      • Seychelles [Sub-Saharan Africa]
      • Somalia [Sub-Saharan Africa]
      • South Sudan [Sub-Saharan Africa]
      • Tanzania [Sub-Saharan Africa]
      • Uganda [Sub-Saharan Africa]
      • Zambia [Sub-Saharan Africa]
      • Zimbabwe [Sub-Saharan Africa]
    • Southern Africa
      • Botswana [Sub-Saharan Africa]
      • Eswatini / Swaziland [Sub-Saharan Africa]
      • Lesotho [Sub-Saharan Africa]
      • Namibia [Sub-Saharan Africa]
      • South Africa [Sub-Saharan Africa]
    • West Africa
      • Benin [Sub-Saharan Africa]
      • Burkina Faso [Sub-Saharan Africa]
      • Cabo Verde / Cape Verde [Sub-Saharan Africa]
      • Côte d’Ivoire / Ivory Coast [Sub-Saharan Africa]
      • Gambia [Sub-Saharan Africa]
      • Ghana [Sub-Saharan Africa]
      • Guinea [Sub-Saharan Africa]
      • Guinea-Bissau [Sub-Saharan Africa]
      • Liberia [Sub-Saharan Africa]
      • Mali [Sub-Saharan Africa]
      • Mauritania [Sub-Saharan Africa / Maghreb]
      • Niger [Sub-Saharan Africa]
      • Nigeria [Sub-Saharan Africa]
      • Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha [Sub-Saharan Africa]
      • Senegal [Sub-Saharan Africa]
      • Sierra Leone [Sub-Saharan Africa]
      • Togo [Sub-Saharan Africa]
    • North Africa
      • Algeria [Maghreb]
      • Egypt [Middle East]
      • Libya [Maghreb]
      • Morocco [Maghreb]
      • Sudan [Sub-Saharan Africa]
      • Tunisia [Maghreb]
      • Western Sahara [Maghreb]
  • Americas
    • Caribbean
      • Anguilla [Latin America and the Caribbean]
      • Antigua and Barbuda [Latin America and the Caribbean]
      • Aruba [Latin America and the Caribbean]
      • Bahamas [Latin America and the Caribbean]
      • Barbados [Latin America and the Caribbean]
      • Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba [Latin America and the Caribbean]
      • Cayman Islands [Latin America and the Caribbean]
      • Cuba [Latin America and the Caribbean]
      • Curaçao [Latin America and the Caribbean]
      • Dominica [Latin America and the Caribbean]
      • Dominican Republic [Latin America and the Caribbean]
      • Grenada [Latin America and the Caribbean]
      • Guadeloupe [Latin America and the Caribbean]
      • Haiti [Latin America and the Caribbean]
      • Jamaica [Latin America and the Caribbean]
      • Martinique [Latin America and the Caribbean]
      • Montserrat [Latin America and the Caribbean]
      • Puerto Rico [Latin America and the Caribbean]
      • Saint Barthélemy [Latin America and the Caribbean]
      • Saint Kitts and Nevis [Latin America and the Caribbean]
      • Saint Lucia [Latin America and the Caribbean]
      • Saint Martin (French) [Latin America and the Caribbean]
      • Saint Vincent and the Grenadines [Latin America and the Caribbean]
      • Sint Maarten (Dutch) [Latin America and the Caribbean]
      • Trinidad and Tobago [Latin America and the Caribbean]
      • Turks and Caicos Islands [Latin America and the Caribbean]
      • Virgin Islands (British) [Latin America and the Caribbean]
      • Virgin Islands (US) [Latin America and the Caribbean]
    • Central America
      • Belize [Latin America and the Caribbean]
      • Costa Rica [Latin America and the Caribbean]
      • El Salvador [Latin America and the Caribbean]
      • Guatemala [Latin America and the Caribbean]
      • Honduras [Latin America and the Caribbean]
      • Mexico [Latin America and the Caribbean]
      • Nicaragua [Latin America and the Caribbean]
      • Panama [Latin America and the Caribbean]
    • South America
      • Argentina [Latin America and the Caribbean]
      • Bolivia [Latin America and the Caribbean]
      • Bouvet Island [Latin America and the Caribbean]
      • Brazil [Latin America and the Caribbean]
      • Chile [Latin America and the Caribbean]
      • Colombia [Latin America and the Caribbean]
      • Ecuador [Latin America and the Caribbean]
      • Falkland Islands / Malvinas [Latin America and the Caribbean]
      • French Guiana [Latin America and the Caribbean]
      • Guyana [Latin America and the Caribbean]
      • Paraguay [Latin America and the Caribbean]
      • Peru [Latin America and the Caribbean]
      • South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands [Latin America and the Caribbean]
      • Suriname [Latin America and the Caribbean]
      • Uruguay [Latin America and the Caribbean]
      • Venezuela [Latin America and the Caribbean]
    • North America
      • Bermuda
      • Canada
      • Greenland
      • Saint Pierre and Miquelon
      • United States of America
  • Asia
    • Central Asia
      • Kazakhstan
      • Kyrgyzstan
      • Tajikistan
      • Turkmenistan
      • Uzbekistan
    • East Asia
      • China
      • Hong Kong / China
      • Japan
      • Macao
      • Mongolia
      • North Korea
      • South Korea
      • Taiwan
    • South Asia
      • Afghanistan
      • Bangladesh
      • Bhutan
      • India
      • Iran [Middle East]
      • Maldives
      • Nepal
      • Pakistan
      • Sri Lanka
      • Tibet
    • Southeast Asia
      • Brunei Darussalam
      • Cambodia
      • East Timor / Timor-Leste
      • Indonesia [Australasia]
      • Laos
      • Malaysia
      • Myanmar / Burma
      • Philippines
      • Singapore
      • Thailand
      • Vietnam
    • Western Asia
      • Armenia
      • Azerbaijan
      • Bahrain [Middle East]
      • Cyprus [Middle East]
      • Georgia
      • Iraq [Middle East]
      • Israel [Middle East]
      • Jordan [Middle East]
      • Kuwait [Middle East]
      • Lebanon [Middle East]
      • Oman [Middle East]
      • Palestine [Middle East]
      • Qatar [Middle East]
      • Saudi Arabia [Middle East]
      • Syrian Arab Republic / Syria [Middle East]
      • Turkey [Middle East]
      • United Arab Emirates [Middle East]
      • Yemen [Middle East]
  • Europe
    • Eastern Europe
      • Belarus
      • Bulgaria
      • Czechia / Czech Republic
      • Hungary
      • Moldova
      • Poland
      • Romania
      • Russia
      • Slovakia
      • Ukraine
    • Northern Europe
      • Åland Islands
      • Denmark [Scandinavia]
      • England [Great Britain / United Kingdom]
      • Estonia
      • Faroe Islands
      • Finland
      • Guernsey
      • Iceland
      • Ireland
      • Isle of Man
      • Jersey
      • Latvia
      • Lithuania
      • Northern Ireland [United Kingdom]
      • Norway [Scandinavia]
      • Sark
      • Scotland [Great Britain / United Kingdom]
      • Svalbard and Jan Mayen
      • Sweden [Scandinavia]
      • Wales [Great Britain / United Kingdom]
    • Southern Europe
      • Albania
      • Andorra
      • Bosnia and Herzegovina
      • Croatia
      • Gibraltar
      • Greece
      • Italy
      • Malta
      • Montenegro
      • North Macedonia
      • Portugal
      • San Marino
      • Serbia
      • Slovenia
      • Spain
      • Vatican City / Holy See
    • Western Europe
      • Austria
      • Belgium
      • France
      • Germany
      • Liechtenstein
      • Luxembourg
      • Monaco
      • Netherlands / Holland
      • Switzerland
  • Oceania
    • Australia and New Zealand
      • Australia [Australasia]
      • Christmas Island [Australasia]
      • Cocos (Keeling) Islands [Australasia]
      • Heard Island and McDonald Islands [Australasia]
      • New Zealand [Australasia]
      • Norfolk Island [Australasia]
    • Melanesia
      • Fiji
      • New Caledonia
      • Papua New Guinea [Australasia]
      • Solomon Islands
      • Vanuatu
    • Micronesia
      • Guam
      • Kiribati
      • Marshall Islands
      • Micronesia
      • Nauru
      • Northern Mariana Islands
      • Palau
      • United States Minor Outlying Islands
    • Polynesia
      • American Samoa
      • Cook Islands
      • French Polynesia [Australasia]
      • Niue
      • Pitcairn
      • Samoa
      • Tokelau
      • Tonga [Australasia]
      • Tuvalu
      • Wallis and Futuna
  • Antarctica

For subject terms, this database uses modified versions of the Library of Congress Subject Headings and Library of Congress Name Authorities. Thus, subject terms consist of a main term and then subdivisions. For example, the subject term Maria Montessori – Writings consists of a main subject term Maria Montessori and a subdivision Writings. The main term and the subdivision are separated by a hyphen. This technique is used to allow for more accurate categorization of content.

Subject terms can be names (persons or organizations) and concepts.

The following is a list of some sample terms currently used in the database.

  • African American community
  • American Montessori Society (AMS)
  • Association Montessori Internationale (AMI)
  • Autism
  • Blind community
  • Book reviews
  • Conferences
  • Deaf community
  • Disability communities
  • Inclusion
  • Latin American community
  • Latino community
  • Maria Montessori – Biographic sources
  • Maria Montessori – Philosophy
  • Maria Montessori – Radio addresses, debates, etc.
  • Maria Montessori – Speeches, addresses, etc.
  • Maria Montessori – Writings
  • Montessori method of education – Criticism, interpretation, etc.
  • Montessori method of education – History
  • Obituaries
  • Public Montessori
  • Spirituality
  • Theosophical Society
  • Theosophy
  • Training
  • White Cross

This bibliography includes content: by Maria Montessori, about Maria Montessori, about the worldwide Montessori movement, related to the application and implementation of Maria Montessori’s pedagogical techniques and principles, and other related materials. This collection of sources has been built on a solid foundation of bibliographies previously compiled by other individuals and organizations: Mary Maher Boehnlein, Gilbert E. Donahue, Nancy McCormick Rambusch, George L. Stevens, Reginald C. Orem, D. Renee Pendleton, Clara Tornar, Paola Trabalzini, the North American Montessori Teachers’ Association, and the Opera Nazionale Montessori.

The purpose of this bibliography is to improve upon this work by others in two ways: (1) update and add more source content, and (2) provide links to digitized source material when available. In order to update and add more sources, a variety of databases and resources have been consulted: Google ScholarERICGoogle Books, Internet Archive, HathiTrust Digital LibraryJSTORProjectMUSEAfrican Journals OnlineSabinet African JournalsDirectory of Open Access JournalsProQuest databases, EBSCO databases, historic newspaper collections, major academic publishers (SpringerTaylor & FrancisWileyScienceDirectSAGE Journals, and others), academic institutional repositories, archival collections, as well as other digital collections available through libraries and archives worldwide.

Extensive effort has been taken to include links to source materials. Priority has been given to persistent content hosted by well-established institutions. When content is not available through a reliably hosted site, but is available through a less reliable site, a link to the less reliable site has been included. Quality control mechanisms to ensure the persistent stability of these links will be implemented.

Compiled and maintained by Joel Parham