Phonemic awareness

This language lesson is designed for 3-6-year-old (kindergarten) children. It guides the child on the importance of phonemic awareness and the sounds of letters.

What is Phonemic Awareness?

Phonemic awareness is the ability to identify and manipulate individual sounds (phonemes) in spoken words. It helps to prepare the ears to hear sound, the eyes to recognize the letters, the brain to coordinate between eyes, ears, and hands, and the hands to write.

Enhancing a child’s skill in phonological awareness helps them to improve their reading ability.

Why Phonemic Awareness is Important?

Phonemic awareness is essential because:

  1. It requires a child to notice how letters represent sounds.
  2. It gives a child an approach to sounding out and reading new words.
  3. It helps a child to understand the alphabetic principle (that sounds systematically represent the letters in words).

Cautions while introducing Phonemic awareness:

  • Expect phonetic spellings in their work – it means phonetically the child might write will be correct, but the word’s spellings might not.
  • Pronounce phonemes correctly- make sure you do not add a vowel sound
  • Homophones and homographs might confuse the child as we pronounce the same sound for different words or letters. For example, fffff sound for fish, phone, enough, etc.

Invite the child to watch the video and learn a different kind of sound for various letters. There are some excellent phonic activities for you to try at home with your young children, which will significantly help them recognize and associate sounds to letters.

For more language resources, visit:

Video created by Aishwarya | I teach I learn

Primary | Language | Phonemic Awareness (English)

This video has been added and used with the author’s permission. It is also available on the author’s YouTube, here.


  • English
  • Language
  • primary