The Montessori English lesson is a fun way of learning about the phonic sound of magic ‘e’ or silent ‘e.’
What are the rules for using the silent ‘e’ and How does the pronunciation change?
In Language vocabulary, many words or morphemes end with magic ‘e’ or silent ‘e’. It means the letter ‘e’ is never pronounced, but it changes the meaning of the word while being silent.
Consider some words: bridge, cute, date, delicate, hive, large, gate, and time. All the words have something in common; each of them ends with a silent ‘e.’
Let us refresh the ‘/a/’ sound and all other vowel sounds produced along with silent e.
Magic e or Silent e rules:
There are a few rules to remember when using the silent ‘e,’ so let’s review them.
Rule 1: Vowel sound Rule
There are two types of vowel sounds: short vowel sounds and long vowel sounds. A silent e in association with the other vowels converts a short vowel sound to a long vowel sounds /eɪ, ei, aɪ, au/.
Note: There is usually only one consonant between the silent e and the preceding vowel to produce a long vowel sound. In some cases, two consonants may also have the same effect, such as a table, paste, and bathe.
Thus, the magic e or silent e lets other vowels say their name.
For example, the word ‘make’ the silent ‘e’ forces the preceding vowel to say its name – ‘a’.
Similarly, in the word ‘bike’, the silent ‘e’ forces the preceding vowel to say its name – ‘i’.
Rule 2: Consonant Sounds
The “silent e” tells consonant sounds
a. C or G to make a soft sound such as ice, age, etc.
b. TH to make a vocal sound such as breathe, etc.
c. S to make s sound instead of az sound such as moos-moose, teas-tease, tens-tense, etc.
Rule 3: Stop Words from Ending in U and V
The rule of English spelling states that words cannot end with u or v. Adding “silent e” in the end prevents words from violating the spelling rule. For example: argue, blue, drive, and wave.
Rule 4: Distinguish Homophones
It also helps in distinguishing homophones. such as aw-awe, brows-browse, by-bye, cops-copse
The Montessori method of learning helps a child to read, write, and relate to the English words and language more easily and quickly.
Watch the video to learn how to pronounce the words containing magic ‘e’ or silent ‘e’.
For more language lessons, visit: https://theglobalmontessorinetwork.org/language-lessons/
Video created by: Justine McNeilly (Metro East Montessori, Granite City, Illinois).