common and proper nouns

This Language lesson is designed for 6-12-year-old children. In this video lesson, we will learn about common nouns and proper nouns, the difference between them, and how they’re used in a sentence.


What is a Noun?

A noun is a word that represents the name of a person, place, animal, or thing.


What is a Common Noun? 

A common noun is a type of noun that refers to objects, places, people, or animals that do not have specific names. Examples are country, girl, butterfly, city, etc.

Some common examples of common noun

  • People: man, woman, child, people, judge, cop, criminal, butcher, baker, king, queen, neighbor, friend, enemy, person, stranger, etc. 
  • Places: city, town, country, province, state, outside, upstairs, basement, islands, beaches, continents, hallway, lobby, rooms, alleys, campsites, etc.
  • Things: guitar, paper, perfume, snow, dirt, drums, apples, oranges, rain, ice, fire, cars, trucks, knees, elbows, food, water, sky, stars, day, weeks, months, years, etc.
  • Ideas, emotions, concepts: happiness, sadness, confidence, independence, fear, courage, questions, answers, government, chaos, hunger, anger, confusion, doubt, loneliness, friendship, arts, language, etc.

What is a Proper Noun?

A Proper noun is a type of noun that refers to objects, people, places, or animals with specific names. Examples are Paris, Sarah, Statue of liberty, etc.

Some common examples of a proper noun

  • People: Sarah, Mike, Bill Clinton, Obama, Superman, Lady Gaga, Captain Crunch, Harry Potter, etc.
  • Places: New York City, Alaska, Asia, Moscow, Portugal, Zimbabwe, Peru, Europe, Asia, Australia, New York city square, Main Street, Rocky Mountains, Nile river, Sahara Desert, etc.
  • Things: Google, Twitter, Kawasaki Ninja, Playstation 5, Star Wars, Band-aids, Maggie, Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets, The Secret Key, Mission Impossible, etc.
  • Ideas and Concepts: Christianity, Islam, Friday, Buddhism, Secularism, Industrial Revolution, Dark Ages, Monday, November, etc.

Common noun vs. Proper noun

  1. The difference between a common noun and a proper noun is what type of thing they refer to. Common nouns refer to generic things, while proper nouns refer to specific names. 
  2. Unlike common nouns, proper nouns are always capitalized. 


Identifying common nouns and proper nouns in a sentence

  1. Sara went to school. Here Sara is a proper noun, and school is a common noun.
  2. Paris is a beautiful city. Here Paris is a proper noun, and the city is a common noun.

Help the child identify and differentiate between common and proper nouns, as shown in the video.

For more video lessons on nouns, visit:

  1. Nouns
  2. Noun and Verbs
  3. Personal Pronouns


For more language resources, visit:

Video Created by: Sharmeen Niazi




  • Elementary
  • English
  • grammar
  • Language