cursive writing

This language lesson is designed for 6 to 12-year-old children to guide them on how to write the English alphabets j and p in cursive.

 Cursive writing is a complex and central cultural skill involving many brain systems and integrating both motor and perceptual skills. To master these precise skills, children must learn to coordinate their hand movements and produce the shape of each letter accurately. 

It helps in strengthening the finger muscles and developing fine motor skills. It also helps the child to develop and practice hand-eye coordination.

In the previous video lessons, we practiced the strokes for the up and down stroke family with the letters r and w. In this video, we will practice the last 2 letters of the up and down stroke family, i.e. the letter j and the letter p. 

How to Write the Letters j and p in Cursive?

 In this video lesson, we will learn to write cursive j and cursive p. These 2 letters belong to the up and down stroke family, and these letters are introduced as Jerry and Patty.

 These letters are the lower or down zone letter which means it lies between the headline and the bottom line.

  •     To write cursive j: Begin with the baseline. Make a slant under-curve towards the headline. Bring the stroke to the bottom line as a slant line. Turn as a loop on the left side and go up in a slant stroke above the baseline. Leaves as a connector to join other cursive letters. A dot is placed above the headline.
  •   To write cursive p: Begin with the baseline. Make an under-curve towards the headline. The stroke comes down as a slant line to the bottom line, but does not touch the bottom line and goes up along the same slant to the headline. It becomes an over curve at the headline and falls down as a back-down curve until the baseline. It does not join the previous slant and leaves the last stroke with a connector on the right side to end the letter or to join other cursive letters. 

 Note–Letter j is not a continuous letter and we have to lift the pen/pencil to place a dot above the headline, though the remaining strokes are continuous. The letter p is a continuous letter and we should not lift the pen/pencil while writing it. Both the letters join seamlessly with the succeeding lowercase letters and the preceding uppercase alphabets.

 Watch the video to learn more about how to write cursive letters j and cursive p using the right stroke. Repeat this activity by asking the child to practice j and p alphabets in cursive, as shown in the video.

Related Video Resources:

To watch more language video resources, click here. 

Video Created by: Jodi Qualters (Montessori in the Park, Goodyear, Arizona


  • cursive writing
  • Elementary
  • English
  • Language