Cardinal Counting

This Math lesson is designed for 3-6-year-old children. The video is divided into two parts

Part 1- Cardinal counting and skip counting with associated activities.

Part 2- Difference between Montessori and traditional education methods and a teacher’s role in it.

What is Cardinal Counting?

Cardinal counting refers to how many objects or terms are there in a specific set or group. Cardinal numbers tell us, “How many?”

How are Cardinal Numbers Formed?

The digits 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, and 0 are used to form several other cardinal numbers.

For example:

23, 346, 2908745

What is Skip Counting?

Skip counting is counting numbers by 2, 3, 5, and so on.

For example: skip counting by 2 on a number line. Starting at 0, the next number will be 0 + 2 = 2, then, 2 + 2 = 4, then 4 + 2 = 6 and so on.

Watch the video to understand the concept of cardinal counting and skip counting. Invite the child to learn counting with interesting activities.

How is the Montessori Method of Education Different from Traditional Education and a Teacher’s Role in It?

  • Montessori Is Child-Centered Education

Dr. Maria Montessori believed in a child-centric method of education. Children have different strengths and interests. They are free to make active choices while learning. In traditional education, all students follow the same path set by the teacher.

  • The Montessori Curriculum Is Adaptable

Montessori schools have a flexible curriculum that allows each child to learn at their own pace. The curriculum is divided into age range (0-3 years, 3-6, 6-9 and 9 to 12). Children can choose what lesson they want to learn, and teachers observe them and assess them through a holistic approach. In contrast, a traditional curriculum involves a singular approach that all students follow and are evaluated through grades and marks.

  • Montessori Teachers Follow the Children

Teachers in Montessori schools prepare the classroom for the child. They observe children and note their interests and levels of understanding. Montessori teachers help unfold the unique potential in every child. They keep a record of improvements, readiness, and subjects of interest to prepare the curriculum for the day. A teacher in a traditional school prepares students for class. They follow a preset curriculum.

  • Outdoor Time Is for Learning, Too!

Outdoor time is called “recess” in traditional schools because it is a break from lessons. However, in the Montessori environment, outdoor time is seen as an extension of the classroom. Children can engage in enriching and interesting activities outdoors, such as gardening, washing leaves, and sensory math materials etc.

  • The Lessons Are Hands-On

Rather than sitting passively during the class, the child takes an active role in their education. They pick up the subjects they are interested in to learn. The child can pick the required materials arranged on the shelf.

Watch the video to learn more about the traditional and Montessori education concepts.

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Video created by Aishwarya | I teach I learn

Primary | Math | Cardinal Counting (English)

This video has been added and used with the author’s permission. It is also available on the author’s YouTube, here.


  • English
  • Math
  • primary