Color Mixing

This arts and crafts activity is designed for children aged 3 to 6 years to teach them about primary and secondary colors through the art of color mixing.

What is Color Mixing Activity?

Color mixing activities are an excellent and interactive way to introduce young children to the world of colors. This hands-on activity not only helps children identify different colors but also teaches them how to mix colors to create new shades. This way, a child learns the concept of grading

In this video lesson, a child will learn how to mix combinations of primary colors -red, yellow, and blue to form secondary colors green, orange and purple. 

7 Benefits of Mixing Colors

One of the foundational components of art is color. Color mixing activities are not only fun but also educational. Here is the list of 7 benefits of introducing colors mixing activities to the child:

  1. Boosts Creativity: Color mixing activities help children develop their creativity by allowing them to explore and experiment with colors. It also helps them to create a new masterpiece every time.
  2. Increases visual discrimination: Recognizing different colors can improve a child’s ability to visually discriminate between objects and concepts.
  3. Enhances cognitive skills and grading: Learning about colors by mixing helps children to develop their cognitive skills and thinking abilities as they learn about the color wheel, primary and secondary colors, and how to create new shades by combining different colors.
  4. Enhance memory retention: Learning and identifying colors can improve a child’s memory retention and recall abilities. It also helps them to understand the world around them.
  5. Develops fine motor skills: Color mixing activities can help children develop their fine motor skills by involving activities like finger painting, pouring, and stirring.
  6. Foster independence and self-expression: Color mixing activities also allow children to explore, make their own colors and express themselves. This further boosts their independence and decision-making skills.
  7. Enhances social skills: Children’s social skills and ability to collaborate are improved through mixing paint colors activities.

In essence, children are fascinated with colors and color mixing. Despite its apparent simplicity, it takes years for children to fully comprehend, as it is a skill that must be learned and developed. In Montessori schools, children engage in a variety of color-mixing activities, beginning with color tablets and matching objects to colors. Children are then taught about primary and secondary colors through color mixing.

Materials Required for Color Mixing Activity

Mixing of Colors activities typically requires colored materials, mixing tools, and a surface on which to work. Here is the list of materials needed for the activity:

  • Three dropper bottles filled with the primary colors
  • A laminated sheet of paper or a plate that shows the color spectrum in dots (4 red dots, 2 red & 2 yellow, 4 yellow, 2 yellow & 2 blue, 4 blue, 2 blue & 2 red)
  • A paintbrush to mix colors
  • A jar of water to clean the paintbrush
  • Sponge to wipe the spilled water

Perquisites of the Color Mixing Activity

In Montessori schools, a child is first introduced to books on colors, primary color tablets, secondary color tablets, sorting colors, and matching objects with the same color before introducing color mixing to the child.

How to Introduce Color-mixing Activity to the Child?

  1. Invite the child to the table and tell them today we will learn about primary and secondary colors using color mixing.
  2. Starting with red, place one drop on every red dot on the laminated paper. 
  3. Repeat step 2 with yellow color
  4. Repeat step 2 with blue color
  5. Complete the 
  6. Now hold the brush and mix the four red dots.
  7. As shown in the video, repeat step 6 with the rest of the dots.
  8. Mixing different color dots gives us colors like purple, green, and orange.
  9. Use a sponge to clean the tray and spilled water, if any.
  10. Ask the child to repeat the activity.
  11. Return work to the shelf.

 How to Make the Color-mixing Activity More Engaging?

Asking the following questions will help you to make this activity more engaging:

  • What colors are in a rainbow?
  • What is your favorite color in flowers?
  • If you want to paint your room, which color will you choose?
  • Do you know what are primary and secondary colors?
  • Can you guess how many colors are primary?
  • Explain that primary colors are red, yellow, and blue
  • Explain that secondary colors are orange, purple, and green
  • Explain how you will use the primary colors to make the secondary colors
  • What color do they think each mix will make?
  • Ask the child to try mixing different colors to make more secondary colors
  • What is a color wheel? What colors can we make using that color wheel?

The video lesson teaches how to mix colors using a dropper. It allows young learners to express themselves through artwork in a fun and creative way.

List of Color Mixing Activities for 3-6 Years Old

Here are some fun and easy color-mixing activities that you can do with your 3-6-year-old child:

  1. Color Sorting: Start by sorting different color objects such as balls, blocks, or toys. Encourage your child to name each color as they sort them. Once they have sorted all the objects by color, ask them to mix two colors and create a new one.
  2. Finger Painting: Finger painting is a great way to introduce color mixing to your child. Give them a piece of paper and some paint and let them mix different colors with their fingers. Encourage them to see what happens when they mix different colors together.
  3. Color Scavenger Hunt: Create a list of different colors and go on a scavenger hunt around the house or outside to find objects that match each color. Once they have found all the objects, ask them to mix two colors and create a new one.
  4. Ice Cube Painting: Freeze water with food coloring in an ice cube tray. Once frozen, give your child a piece of paper and let them paint with the colored ice cubes. This is a fun way to see how the colors mix as the ice cubes melt.
  5. Color Mixing Sensory Bin: Fill a bin with different colored materials such as beads, pom-poms, or buttons. Encourage your child to mix the colors together with their hands and see what new colors they can create.

To sum up, these color-mixing activities are both fun and educational. They can assist children in enhancing their creativity, problem-solving skills, and fine motor skills. Therefore, when looking for a fun activity to do with your child, think about trying one of these color-mixing activities!

Watch the video and introduce the child to the world of colors, the color wheel, primary and secondary colors as well as how to mix colors using a number of colored dots.

Related Video Resources

Other arts and crafts activities to look upon

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Video created by: Strykun Olena


  • What is a color mixing in art?

Color mixing in art is the process of creating new colors by combining two or more colors. In traditional color theory, primary colors of red, blue, and yellow can be mixed to create secondary colors of green, orange, and purple. Mixing these secondary colors together can create tertiary colors. Different color combinations can be used to create a wide range of hues and shades for use in artwork.

  • How do you teach colors in Montessori?

Color mixing is a satisfying hands-on experience for a child. In Montessori schools, color mixing is taught by using color tablets. Once the child can recognize the colors and its name. They are introduced to finding the same color objects. And then they are introduced to color mixing using the above activity.

  • What is the importance of color mixing?

Color mixing is important as it helps a child in art, design, and visual communication because it allows for an expanded range of colors and shades to be created, leading to greater creativity and flexibility in expressing ideas and emotions. Understanding color mixing also helps to create harmony and balance in a composition.


  • arts and crafts
  • English
  • Montessori at home
  • primary level